Category Archives: Kaleidoscopes

Regular polygons as kaleidoscopes

We are using reflection at the sides of a regular polygon to get a space filling periodic image. Its symmetries depend on the symmetry of the image, which lies inside the polygon. As an example, let us look at the … Continue reading

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Fractal tiling of a sphere with octahedral two-colour symmetry

The octahedron can have a nice two-colour symmetry. We get it from putting two tetrahedrons together, making a stellated octahedron. It is an eight-pointed star and has already been discussed by Pacioli in his book “de divina proportione” in the … Continue reading

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A variant of the Apollonian gasket with icosahedral symmetry

We modify the Apollonian gasket presented in the earlier post Apollonian gasket as a spherical fractal with tetrahedral symmetry. In an icosahedron, five triangles meet at their corners, which gives us a fivefold rotational symmetry. At the centers of the triangles … Continue reading

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Apollonian gasket as a fractal in tiled hyperbolic space

Reading the fascinating book « Indra`s Pearls », written by David Mumford, Caroline Series and David Wright, you discover that the Apollonian gasket can be created by multiple inversions at four touching circles. Three of the circles are of equal … Continue reading

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Apollonian gasket as a spherical fractal with tetrahedral symmetry

Before discussing the relation between the Apollonian gasket and tilings of the sphere, I want to present briefly the spherical kaleidoscope with tetrahedral symmetry. A tetrahedron has three different kinds of points with rotational symmetry. Four equilateral triangles make up … Continue reading

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Inversion in a single circle

You might think that discussing the inversion in a circle is somewhat underwhelming. But, as I am using multiple inversion in many circles to create fractal images, I found that there are some important ideas you will not find so … Continue reading

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Various projections of hyperbolic kaleidoscopic images

Similarly to the earlier post “Different projections of spherical kaleidoscopic images” I am now showing the same kaleidoscopic image using different projections you can use in my kaleidoscope browser app http://geometricolor.ch/sphericalKaleidoscopeApp.html. It primarily generates images as Poincaré discs. A typical result … Continue reading

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Double spirals

In the post “Spirals” I have shown how to transform periodic Euclidean tilings into logarithmic spirals. A typical result looks like that: The spiral has a center at the origin and goes out forever. Actually, it spirals not only around … Continue reading

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Different projections of spherical kaleidoscopic images

As you are here, I suppose that you might be interested in the TilingBot living on twitter. Each day it posts the image of a new tiling. Have a look at https://twitter.com/TilingBot and become its follower. I have fun to recognize … Continue reading

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Anti-aliasing for improving image quality

About a year ago I have briefly shown in my post “smoothing images” that averaging can be important to get good images without pixel noise. For my kaleidoscope app, see http://geometricolor.ch/sphericalKaleidoscopeApp.html, I have improved on these ideas and that’s what … Continue reading

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